How to Start a Primary School in India

Land and Infrastructure

Select a land for your school which is at least of 1 acre. The land may be owned or may be leased with a rental agreement for 15 years. You would require at least Eight Classrooms, Two Activity rooms, Indoor playroom, Two Administration rooms, an Audiovisual room, a Reading Library, Computer Lab, Mathematics Lab, Language Lab, Science Demonstration Lab, and an Outdoor play area. The rooms must be bright and airy. Colorful walls, suitable furniture, pictures, toys and teaching aids too are required. Safety measures must be carefully installed in and out of the building.



The District Education Office should be approached for affiliation to State Board. If the school has to affiliate to CBSE or CISCE, then after 1 session, application for NOC to the DEO has to be sent.

The Trust or Society

It is advised that a trust or society of like-minded individuals should be formed, though the school can be opened by a single owner too. The trust should be registered under the Indian Trusts Act (1882) or the society under Societies Recognition act (1860), to prove non-profit motive of your society. This will be required if the school needs to be upgraded and affiliated to any Board.

Financial Aspects

To open a primary school anywhere in India will cost, other than the cost of land and infrastructure, Rs. 80 lakhs to Rs.1.50 crores including the operational cost for about 6 months. Plan your budget distribution, furniture, purchase of toys, play items, computers, audio visual equipment, advertisement, printing expenses, etc.

Selection of Teachers or Care Givers

Ideally the ratio of students and teachers should be 30:1. The teachers must be graduates with B.Ed. and D.Ed. Teachers must be selected for a pleasing personality, zeal, fluency in Language, love for children, positive attitude, talent, patience, and energy.

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